The U.S. Supreme Court kicks off 2018 with a busy week consisting of noteworthy oral arguments, significant petitions, and … no opinions, again.
What Are You Waiting For: The news that the court won’t issue any additional opinions means that the court is set to break a nearly 150-year-old record—for being slow.
- The court has only issuedone opinionin an argued case so far this term.
- That’s the slowest pace the court has released opinions since the 1800s, according to Adam Feldman ofEmpirical SCOTUS. In fact, “the last time the Court released its second orally argued decision in January of a year was during the 1868 term (the second opinion was issued on January 11, 1869),” Feldman says.
Back to Work: After just over a month on break, the courthouse opens for oral arguments on Jan. 8.
- The court finally gets around to hearing a challenge to Ohio’s scheme for purging residents from itsvoter rolls(subscription required).
- The case had originally been scheduled for November, but was taken off the calendar after the attorney set to argue the case had to takemedical leave.
- Now set for argument on Wednesday, the court will consider whether the state violated the National Voter Registration Act when it purged hundreds of thousands of residents from its rolls.
- The case highlights the ongoing tension between protecting the integrity of the election process and ensuring easy access to voting.
- The court will also consider not one, but twooriginal jurisdiction
- The court has only heard 10 of these rare cases since 2000, but will hear bothTexas v. New Mexico and ColoradoandFlorida v. Georgiaon Monday.
- Original jurisdiction cases come to the court via a unique procedure and often feature state-versus-state showdowns. Learn more with this Cases and Controversiespodcast.
- Both cases involve water disputes between the states, including one that puts the justices to the choice of green-lighting aneconomic disasterin Florida or crippling the city of Atlanta.
- The courtsticks to a themeTuesday as well, hearing two Fourth Amendment cases involving vehicles.
- Byrd v. United Statesasks if the sole occupant of a rental car has an expectation of privacy even if they aren’t listed on therental agreement(subscription required).
- Collins v. Virginiaexamines the application of the “automobile exception” to the warrant requirement onprivate property(subscription required).
No New Relists: The justices themselves reconvened Jan. 5 for their private conference at which they considered which cases to take and which to turn away. We didn’t get any grants Friday, which isn’t a surprise given that there wereno new relists. But we’re sure to get some denials when the court issues its order list on Jan. 8. Here’s a few petitions we’re watching:
- The Trump administration has asked the court undo a lower court opinion allowing an immigrant teen to get an abortion inHargan v. Garza.
- The government argues that releasing minors from immigration custody to get an abortion would make it complicit in the procedure.
- The teen at the heart of the previous dispute already obtained an abortion, but the case continues as a class action challenging the Trump administration’s nationwide policy.
- Now the government wants the slate cleared of the potentially bad precedent as it fights the class action.
- The justices continue to considerHidalgo v. Arizonawhich challenges the constitutionality of the death penalty. As requested, the court received therecordfrom the court below. So we should be expecting something soon.
- The Texas redistricting disputes are back for the justices’ consideration.
- A special3-judgedistrict court panel found that the state intentionally discriminated against minorities when it drafted its Congressional and state House maps. The court invalidated those maps and tried to get the time-consuming process of redrafting them off the ground.
- But thecourt haltedthat attempt while it considers whether to just hear the dispute itself. Those orders split the court 5-4 along ideological lines.
- The cases are:
- 17-626Abbott v. Perezchallenging the state House maps; and
- 17-680Texas Democratic Party v. Abbottchallenging both as partisan gerrymanders.
- Also up for consideration:
- Barber v. BryantandCampaign for Southern Equality v. Bryantasking who has standing to challenge Mississippi’s HB1523, which prohibits the government from taking action against anyone for discriminating on the basis of their religious beliefs;
- Neely v. Wyoming Commission on Judicial Conduct and Ethics, a First Amendment challenge to the Commission’s punishment of a judge who refused to perform same-sex marriages for religious reasons;
- Defense Distributed v. Department of StateandStagg v. Department of Stateregarding the regulation of online information for 3D-printed guns; and
- Lucia v. SECandSEC v. Bandimere, two appointments clause challenges to SEC administrative law judges.